佛岩寺

佛岩寺现属昌平区南口镇羊台子弯子村的佛岩寺自然景区,在“八达岭—十三陵自然风景区”内。距南口镇约10公里,紧临八达岭下行高速公路。景区总面积8000多亩,主沟长年都有清水下流,汇于羊台子村下,主要分为两个部分,一是佛岩寺遗址,二是自然风景(包括:山、石、水、木等方面)。

景区内有佛祖山、虚怀若谷-天之洞、悬空观、亲子树 报恩树、一丈之阁-方丈洞、木石姻缘、涅磐禅洞、藏经洞、千年银杏树、白日飞升-仙人洞及周边龙树、神龟把门 雄狮迎客、灵龟把门、飞虎山、灵云仙居、神像出山、凤树等人文自然景观。

佛岩寺分上、中、下三寺,历史极为古老。这里山水如画,其山有华山之险,又有峨眉山之秀,岩石呈粉红色,顶以绿色植盖,罩以翠柏之林,其环境是道家修仙的理想之地,因此中寺为道庙。这里多石洞,因此也是古代名人、居士隐身之所。

这里不但风景优美,古代还出温水,关于此事几种古书上都有记载,如《光绪昌平州志》第178页上载:“汤峪山在西北二十五里,温水出焉”。汤字是热水之意,因此,这条山沟叫“汤峪沟”。

见于这里环境特殊,《昌平州志》载:“元代至正初年敕建奉福禅林”。看来这里当年是皇帝的游览之地。

佛岩寺的古迹和传说,很是可贵的。历史上宋辽战争之际,即公元979年宋军北伐,兵马围攻幽州城(北京),杨家将担任打援任务,布兵于燕山各大关口,以阻击大辽的援军。杨五郎和杨六郎把守居庸关,关于此事,那里至今有二人的石刻像所在。当潘仁美的围城部队在高梁沟战败南逃之后,杨家将就被搁在燕山一带了,随后敌军来围剿,以致杨五郎被冲散,退至汤峪沟的佛岩寺,化装为和尚,掩护自己的身世。

由于宋朝内的奸臣们一直迫害杨家将,杨五郎至晚年才回山西。走后这里留有后代,至今羊台子村的杨姓村民,都是他的后裔,看来羊台子这个村名,是有来历的。

自然风景相当奇特,极具观赏价值,有藏经洞、涅磐禅洞、悬空洞、仙人洞、方丈洞等天然山洞,给景区增添了几分神秘色彩;佛祖山、佛面山、擎天柱、天梯等雄伟壮观;亲子树、报恩树、木石姻缘、雌雄银杏、香柏林天做巧成,都是国内少有的珍稀树种;次生林高大茂密,给您以原始森林的感觉。

近年我镇投资修建进入景区的道路,增设了停车场、公共厕所、垂钓园以及蹬山小路等旅游设施,今年还要增加茶楼、凉亭等设施并培训了几名对景区、传说等较为了解的导游,为景区的筹建做了充分准备。

景区的建设为南口地区的稳定、经济的发展、环境的改造、农民的致富增收起到积极的促进作用。

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