杨 公 祭 (正月十二日,你们知道是什么日子吗?)

[img_assist|nid=525|title=杨业像|desc=|link=node|align=left|width=77|height=100] 每年的(农历)正月十二日,你们知道是什么日子吗?这是杨令公(杨继业)归天的日子。据历史记载:雍熙三年,杨继业率兵北征抗击契丹,因奸臣迫害,陷入契丹十万大军的重围,(宋史列传第三十一集)“身被数十创,士卒殆尽,业犹手仞十百人,马重伤不能进,遂为契丹所擒,其子延玉亦没焉。业因太息曰:‘上遇我厚,期讨贼捍边以报,而仅为奸臣所迫,致王师败绩,何面目求活耶!’乃不食,三日死。”“帝闻之,痛惜甚,俄下昭曰:‘执干戈而卫社稷,闻鼓鼙而思将帅。尽力死敌,立节迈伦,不有追崇,曷彰义烈!.......”

这一战杨家将将士,死伤惨重,杨延玉也战死疆场。为纪念杨家将将士,每年的正月十二日杨家族人要为杨令公等杨家将士上坟祭祀。并且后人把杨家将士血战疆场的悲壮故事编成剧本,每年在祭祀时,唱大戏来歌颂杨家将将士英勇杀敌,卫国保家的丰功伟绩。进一步弘扬了杨家将精神。随着时间的延续,杨家人四处迁图,无法统一在这一天回来祭祀,就慢慢的演变为各自在家焚香烧纸祭祀祖先,大一点的家族每年也会唱戏祭祀。还有的家族慢慢的把这一祭祀活动迷信化了,认为正月十二日是杨家人的忌日出门不吉利等等越传越多。

杨公祭自雍熙三年流传至今(公元986--2007年)已1020多年了。我们杨姓家族每年在正月十二日这一天足不出门,祭祀我们英雄祖先和一同血战疆场的杨家将士。经过1020年的流传虽然演变的有点迷信化神秘化,但是,也正是这迷信化和神秘化,才使得杨家将精神渊源流长,发扬光大,它弘扬了正气,鞭策了邪恶,影响了无数代人,造就了无数的民族英雄。

同宗们请记住正月十二日这一天,这不是平常的一天,是我们祖先率领将士浴血奋战的一天,是劲果猋厉,有死不回的一天。请永远的记住这一天。

杨振雷

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